Taxonomy, within biology, is the science of defining groups of biological organisms based on their shared characteristics, and the subsequent naming of these groups.
Taxa (singular: taxon) means arrangement, hence taxonomy is an arrangement method or classification system. It can refer to the generic names the system is divided in, such as: family, genus, species. But, it can also refer to the specific. For example: Zingiberaceae (The Ginger Family). Which includes some of the following genera: Zingiber, Alpinia, Curcuma, and Elettaria. Which in turn contain the following species: Zingiber officinale (Ginger), Alpinia galanga (Galangal), Curcuma longa (Curcuma or Turmeric), Elettaria cardamomum (Green Cardamom).
A specific taxon can be named by a person (author), but it can also be named after a person (eponymy). When a species is named and described—or re-described, and by extension often reassigned to a different genus or family—it will have the author's name (abbreviated) next to it. As such: Genus species Author. Or, Genus species (ex. Author) Author.
Botanical Terms and Taxa mentioned
Below are links to The Hungry Child's internal database on the terms and taxa that were used in this article, or might be useful alongside it. If you feel that something is missing or unclear, leave a comment or send me an email.